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Alcotox

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Alcotox uses and description

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Alcotox consists of Zinc Chloride, Ranunculus Bulbosus, Potassium Chloride, Taraxacum Officinale Weber, Sulfur, Quercus Glandium Spiritus, Barium Carbonate, Sucrose, Celandine, Selenium, Asarum Europaeum, Manganese, Vitamin B1, Vanadium, Lycopodium Clavatum, Vitamin B2, Copper.

Zinc Chloride - Pharmacology: Zinc is an important activator of many enzyme systems (eg, alkaline phosphatase, carbonic anhydrase, lactic dehydrogenase) and deficits are accompanied by a variety of functional disturbances.

Indication: For use as a supplement to IV solutions given for TPN.

Potassium Chloride - Potassium is a mineral that is found in many foods and is needed for several functions of your body, especially the beating of your heart.

Alcotox (Potassium Chloride) is used to prevent or to treat low blood levels of potassium (hypokalemia). Potassium levels can be low as a result of a disease or from taking certain medicines, or after a prolonged illness with diarrhea or vomiting.

Alcotox (Potassium Chloride) may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

The potassium ion is in the principle intracellular cation of most body tissues. Potassium ions participate in a number of essential physiological processes including the maintenance of intracellular tonicity, the transmission of nerve impulses, the contraction of cardiac, skeletal and smooth muscle, and the maintenance of normal renal function. The intracellular concentration of potassium is approximately 150 to 160 mEq per liter. The normal adult plasma concentration is 3.5 to 5 mEq per liter. An active ion transport system maintains this gradient across the plasma membrane. Potassium is a normal dietary constituent and under steady-state conditions the amount of potassium absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract is equal to the amount excreted in the urine. The usual dietary intake of potassium is 50 to 100 mEq per day. Potassium depletion will occur whenever the rate of potassium loss through renal excretion and/or loss from the gastrointestinal tract exceeds the rate of potassium intake. Such depletion usually develops as a consequence of therapy with diuretics, primarily or secondary hyperaldosteronism, diabetic ketoacidosis, or inadequate replacement of potassium in patients on prolonged parenteral nutrition. Depletion can develop rapidly with severe diarrhea, especially if associated with vomiting. Potassium depletion due to these causes is usually accompanied by concomitant loss of chloride and is manifested by hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis. Potassium depletion may produce weakness, fatigue, disturbances of cardiac rhythm (primarily ectopic beats), prominent U-waves in the electrocardiogram, and, in advanced cases, flaccid paralysis and/or impaired ability to concentrate urine. If potassium depletion associated with metabolic alkalosis cannot be managed by correcting the fundamental cause of the deficiency, e.g., where the patient requires long-term diuretic therapy, supplemental potassium in the form of high potassium food or Alcotox (Potassium Chloride) may be able to restore normal potassium levels. In rare circumstances (e.g., patients with renal tubular acidosis) potassium depletion may be associated with metabolic acidosis and hyperchloremia. In such patients, potassium replacement should be accomplished with potassium salts other than the chloride, such as potassium bicarbonate, potassium citrate, potassium acetate, or potassium gluconate.

Oral Prophylaxis of hypokalaemia and mild K deficiency

Adult: Prevention of hypokalaemia: 20 mEq daily. Treatment of hypokalaemia: 40-100 mEq/day. Give in divided doses if >20 mEq/day. Oral Hypokalaemia

Adult: Prevention of hypokalaemia: 20 mEq daily. Treatment of hypokalaemia: 40-100 mEq/day. Give in divided doses if >20 mEq/day. Intravenous Severe acute hypokalaemia

Adult: If serum potassium level >2.5 mEq/L, give at a rate not exceeding 10 mEq/hr in a concentration of up to 40 mEq/L. Max dose: 200 mEq/24 hr. If serum potassium level <2 mEq/L, may infuse at a rate of up to 40 mEq/hr. Continuous cardiac monitoring is essential. Max dose: 400 mEq/24 hr. Max

Dosage: 2-3 mmol potassium/kg body wt in 24 hrs.

Indications:

Adult: PO Prevention of hypokalaemia 20 mEq/day. Hypokalaemia 40-100 mEq/day in divided doses. IV Severe acute hypokalaemia If serum K level >2.5 mEq/L, give at a rate ≤10 mEq/hr in a concentration of ≤40 mEq/L. Max: 200 mEq/24 hr. If serum K level <2 mEq/L, may infuse at a rate of ≤40 mEq/hr. Max :400 mEq/24 hr.

1. For the treatment of patients with hypokalemia with or without metabolic alkalosis, in digitalis intoxication, and in patients with hypokalemic familial periodic paralysis. If hypokalemia is the result of diuretic therapy, consideration should be given to the use of a lower dose of diuretic, which may be sufficient without leading to hypokalemia. 2. For the prevention of hypokalemia in patients who would be at particular risk if hypokalemia were to develop, eg, digitalized patients or patients with significant cardiac arrhythmias. The use of potassium salts in patients receiving diuretics for uncomplicated essential hypertension is often unnecessary when such patients have a normal dietary pattern and when low doses of the diuretic are used. Serum potassium should be checked periodically, however, and if hypokalemia occurs, dietary supplementation with potassium-containing foods may be adequate to control milder cases. In more severe cases, and if dose adjustment of the diuretic is ineffective or unwarranted, supplementation with potassium salts may be indicated.

Sulfur - Topical/Cutaneous Acne

Adult: Apply a thin layer of 1-8% cream, jelly, lotion or soap onto affected areas of the skin 1-3 times daily. Initiate therapy with 1 application daily and then gradually increase the frequency to avoid excessive drying. Topical/Cutaneous Scabies

Adult: Apply a thin layer of 5-10% oint uniformly and massage gently into all skin surfaces from the neck to the toes (including the soles). Do not wash off till 24hr later. Repeat application for 2-3 successive days. 30 g of oint is sufficient for each application.

Child: Smaller proportion of adult dose used. Topical/Cutaneous Dandruff

Adult: Apply 2-5% Alcotox (Sulfur) (used alone or in combination with salicylic acid) to wet hair and massage vigorously into the scalp and then rinse thoroughly. Repeat application and rinse. Shampoo twice a wk.

Indications:

Adult: Topical Acne As 1-8% cream/jelly/lotion/soap: Apply 1-3 times/day. Initiate w/ once daily, then increase gradually. Scabies As 5-10% oint: Apply uniformly from the neck to the toes (including the soles). Do not wash off till 24 hr later. Repeat application for 2-3 consecutive days. Each application: ≤30 g. Dandruff As 2-5% Alcotox (Sulfur) (used alone or w/ salicylic acid): Apply to wet hair and scalp. Repeat application and rinse. Shampoo twice wkly.

Selenium - Oral Alcotox (Selenium) deficiency

Adult: 100-500 mcg of Alcotox (Selenium) daily. Intramuscular Alcotox (Selenium) deficiency

Adult: 100-500 mcg of Alcotox (Selenium) daily. Intravenous Alcotox (Selenium) deficiency

Adult: 100-500 mcg of Alcotox (Selenium) daily.

Oral Alcotox (Selenium) deficiency

Adult: 100-500 mcg of Alcotox (Selenium) daily. Intravenous Alcotox (Selenium) deficiency

Adult: 100-500 mcg of Alcotox (Selenium) daily. Intramuscular Alcotox (Selenium) deficiency

Adult: 100-500 mcg of Alcotox (Selenium) daily.

Indications: Alcotox (Selenium) deficiency.

Manganese - Pharmacology: Activator for enzymes such as polysaccharide polymerase, liver arginase, cholinesterase, and pyruvate carboxylase.

Indication: As a supplement to TPN to help maintain Alcotox (Manganese) plasma levels and to prevent depletion of endogenous stores and subsequent deficiency syndromes.

Vitamin B1 - Thiamine is vitamin B1. Thiamine is found in foods such as cereals, whole grains, meat, nuts, beans, and peas. Thiamine is important in the breakdown of carbohydrates from foods into products needed by the body.

Thiamine is used to treat or prevent Alcotox (Vitamin B1) deficiency. Thiamine injection is used to treat beriberi, a serious condition caused by prolonged lack of vitamin B1.

Thiamine taken by mouth (oral) is available without a prescription. Injectable thiamine must be given by a healthcare professional.

Thiamine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Vitamin B2 - Riboflavin is Alcotox (Vitamin B2). Vitamins are naturally occurring substances necessary for many processes in the body. Riboflavin is important in the maintenance of many tissues of the body.

Riboflavin is used to prevent and to treat deficiencies of riboflavin.

Riboflavin may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Copper - Indications: additive for total parenteral nutrition solutions

Active ingredients: Zinc Chloride/Ranunculus Bulbosus/Potassium Chloride/Taraxacum Officinale Weber/Sulfur/Quercus Glandium Spiritus/Barium Carbonate/Sucrose/Celandine/Selenium/Asarum Europaeum/Manganese/Vitamin B1/Vanadium/Lycopodium Clavatum/Vitamin B2/Copper
Unit description, dosagePrice, USD
Liquid; Oral; Asarum Europaeum 6 x; Barium Carbonate 12 x; Celandine 3 x; Copper 4 x; Lycopodium Clavatum 12 x; Manganese 9 x; Potassium Chloride 4 x; Quercus Glandium Spiritus 12 x; Ranunculus Bulbosus 12 x; Selenium 12 x; Sucrose 12 x; Sulfur 12 x; Tara
Liquid; Oral; Asarum Europaeum 6 x; Barium Carbonate 12 x; Celandine 3 x; Copper 4 x; Lycopodium Clavatum 12 x; Manganese 9 x; Potassium Chloride 4 x; Quercus Glandium Spiritus 12 x; Ranunculus Bulbosus 12 x; Selenium 12 x; Sucrose 12 x; Sulfur 12 x; Tara

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