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Kaliolite

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Kaliolite uses and description

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Kaliolite - The potassium ion is in the principle intracellular cation of most body tissues. Potassium ions participate in a number of essential physiological processes including the maintenance of intracellular tonicity, the transmission of nerve impulses, the contraction of cardiac, skeletal and smooth muscle, and the maintenance of normal renal function. The intracellular concentration of potassium is approximately 150 to 160 mEq per liter. The normal adult plasma concentration is 3.5 to 5 mEq per liter. An active ion transport system maintains this gradient across the plasma membrane. Potassium is a normal dietary constituent and under steady-state conditions the amount of potassium absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract is equal to the amount excreted in the urine. The usual dietary intake of potassium is 50 to 100 mEq per day. Potassium depletion will occur whenever the rate of potassium loss through renal excretion and/or loss from the gastrointestinal tract exceeds the rate of potassium intake. Such depletion usually develops as a consequence of therapy with diuretics, primarily or secondary hyperaldosteronism, diabetic ketoacidosis, or inadequate replacement of potassium in patients on prolonged parenteral nutrition. Depletion can develop rapidly with severe diarrhea, especially if associated with vomiting. Potassium depletion due to these causes is usually accompanied by concomitant loss of chloride and is manifested by hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis. Potassium depletion may produce weakness, fatigue, disturbances of cardiac rhythm (primarily ectopic beats), prominent U-waves in the electrocardiogram, and, in advanced cases, flaccid paralysis and/or impaired ability to concentrate urine. If potassium depletion associated with metabolic alkalosis cannot be managed by correcting the fundamental cause of the deficiency, e.g., where the patient requires long-term diuretic therapy, supplemental potassium in the form of high potassium food or Kaliolite may be able to restore normal potassium levels. In rare circumstances (e.g., patients with renal tubular acidosis) potassium depletion may be associated with metabolic acidosis and hyperchloremia. In such patients, potassium replacement should be accomplished with potassium salts other than the chloride, such as potassium bicarbonate, potassium citrate, potassium acetate, or potassium gluconate.

Indication: For use as an electrolyte replenisher and in the treatment of hypokalemia.

Indications: hypokalaemia

1. For the treatment of patients with hypokalemia with or without metabolic alkalosis, in digitalis intoxication, and in patients with hypokalemic familial periodic paralysis. If hypokalemia is the result of diuretic therapy, consideration should be given to the use of a lower dose of diuretic, which may be sufficient without leading to hypokalemia. 2. For the prevention of hypokalemia in patients who would be at particular risk if hypokalemia were to develop, eg, digitalized patients or patients with significant cardiac arrhythmias. The use of potassium salts in patients receiving diuretics for uncomplicated essential hypertension is often unnecessary when such patients have a normal dietary pattern and when low doses of the diuretic are used. Serum potassium should be checked periodically, however, and if hypokalemia occurs, dietary supplementation with potassium-containing foods may be adequate to control milder cases. In more severe cases, and if dose adjustment of the diuretic is ineffective or unwarranted, supplementation with potassium salts may be indicated.

Active ingredients: Potassium Chloride
Unit description, dosagePrice, USD
Dragee; Oral; Potassium Chloride 500 mg
Injectable; Injection; Potassium Chloride

List of kaliolite brand and generic drugs

Kalio chlorido tirpalui (Lithuania)
Kalipor
Kalipoz
Kalipoz prolongatum (Poland)
Tablet, Prolonged Release; Oral; Potassium Chloride 750 mg
Kalisol (Finland)
Kalisteril
Kalitabs
Kalitrans (Germany, Luxembourg)
Kalitrans Retard
Kalitrans-Retard (Luxembourg)
Kalium (Poland)
Granules for Solution; Oral; Potassium Citrate
Kalium 750 mg x 100's$ 58.10
Kalium AstraZeneca (Philippines)
Kalium Chloratum (Hungary, Latvia, Poland)
Kalium Chloratum Biomedica (Czech Republic)
Kalium Chloratum Infusia (Czech Republic)
Kalium Chloratum Injeel
Liquid; Oral; Potassium Chloride 12 d / 1.1 ml
Kalium Chloratum Injeel Forte
Liquid; Oral; Potassium Chloride 4 d / 1.1 ml
Kalium chloratum Kabi (Poland)
Kalium Chloratum Leciva (Czech Republic, Slovakia)
Kalium chloratum Sintetica (Switzerland)
Kalium Chloratum Sopharma (Bulgaria)
Kalium chloratum WZF (Poland)
Kalium Chlorid (Luxembourg)
Kalium Chlorid Fresenius (Luxembourg, Serbia)
Kalium Chlorid-Braun (Luxembourg)
Kalium Duretter
Kalium Durettes (Luxembourg)
Kalium Duriles
Kalium Durules (Hungary)
Tablet, Extended Release; Oral; Potassium Chloride 750 mg
Kalium Hausmann (Switzerland)
Dragee; Oral; Potassium (Potassium Chloride) 745.5 mg
Tablet, Effervescent; Oral; Potassium (Potassium Bicarbonate) 1440 mg; Potassium (Potassium Citrate) 1700 mg
Kalium Mur
Drops; Oral; Potassium Chloride 1 dh
Tablet; Oral; Potassium Chloride 1 dh
Kalium Muriaticum
Tablet; Oral; Potassium Chloride 1 dh
Drops; Oral; Potassium Chloride 1 x
Globules; Oral; Potassium Chloride 1 x
Granules; Oral; Potassium Chloride 1 x
Liquid; Oral; Potassium Chloride 1 x
Pellets; Oral; Potassium Chloride 1 x
Tablet; Oral; Potassium Chloride 1 x
Tablet; Oral; Kalium Muriaticum D6

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