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Luminalum Unia

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Luminalum Unia uses and description

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Luminalum Unia - Pharmacology: Depresses sensory cortex, decreases motor activity, alters cerebellar function and produces drowsiness, sedation, and hypnosis.

Indication: Short-term treatment of insomnia; long-term treatment of generalized tonic-clonic and cortical focal seizures; emergency control of acute convulsions; preanesthetic sedation.

Unlabeled Uses

Treatment of febrile seizures in children; treatment and prevention of hyperbilirubinemia in newborns; management of chronic cholestasis.

Luminalum Unia is in a group of drugs called barbiturates (bar-BIT-chur-ates). Luminalum Unia slows the activity of your brain and nervous system.

Luminalum Unia is used to treat or prevent seizures. It is also used short-term to treat insomnia, or as a sedative before surgery.

Luminalum Unia may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Luminalum Unia is an anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative drug. This medication is a long-acting barbiturate. It is believed that the effects of phenobarbital, like other barbiturates, due to the ability to increase and / or mimic the inhibitory effect of GABA on synaptic transmission. Sedative-hypnotic effect due to the suppression of sensory cortex, decrease motor activity, changes in the functional state of the brain. Although the mechanism of action is not fully installed, phenobarbital, like other barbiturates apparently is particularly active at the level of the thalamus, which suppresses the rising holding in the reticular formation, thereby preventing transmission of impulses in the cerebral cortex. Anticonvulsant effect is due to suppression of the monosynaptic and polysynaptic transmission in the CNS.

Luminalum Unia causes a dose-dependent respiratory depression.

Luminalum Unia reduces the concentration of serum bilirubin.

Like other barbiturates, this medicine contributes to the induction of microsomal liver enzymes, thereby enhancing or altering the metabolism of other drugs.

Luminalum Unia, the longest-acting barbiturate, is used for its anticonvulsant and sedative-hypnotic properties in the management of all seizure disorders except absence (petit mal).

Oral Partial seizures

Adult: 60-180 mg daily taken at night. Titrate dose according to patient\'s needs to achieve adequate control of seizures. Plasma concentrations of 15-40 mcg/ml (65-170 micromol/l) are usually required.

Child: 1 mth-12 yr: Initially, 1-1.5 mg/kg bid. Increase by 2 mg/kg daily, as required, to a maintenance dose of 2.5-4 mg/kg once or bid. 12-18 yr: Initially, 60-180 mg bid.

Maintenance: 60-180 mg once daily. CrCl (ml/min) Dosage Recommendation <10 Administer every 12-16 hr. Hepatic impairment: Severe: Monitor plasma levels and adjust dose as necessary. Oral Generalised tonic-clonic seizures

Adult: 60-180 mg daily taken at night. Titrate dose according to patient\'s needs to achieve adequate control of seizures. Plasma concentrations of 15-40 mcg/ml (65-170 micromol/l) are usually required.

Child: 1 mth-12 yr: Initially, 1-1.5 mg/kg bid. Increase by 2 mg/kg daily, as required, to a maintenance dose of 2.5-4 mg/kg once or bid. 12-18 yr: Initially, 60-180 mg bid.

Maintenance: 60-180 mg once daily. CrCl (ml/min) Dosage Recommendation <10 Administer every 12-16 hr. Hepatic impairment: Severe: Monitor plasma levels and adjust dose as necessary. Oral Sedation

Adult: 30-120 mg/day in 2-3 divided doses.

Child: 6 mg/kg/day or 180 mg/m 2 /day divided in 3 equal doses. CrCl (ml/min) Dosage Recommendation <10 Administer every 12-16 hr. Hepatic impairment: Severe: Monitor plasma levels and adjust dose as necessary. Oral Hypnotic

Adult: 100-320 mg at bedtime. Do not admin for >2 wk for the treatment of insomnia. Hepatic impairment: Severe: Monitor plasma levels and adjust dose as necessary. Oral Preoperative sedation

Child: 1-3 mg/kg 1-1.5 hr before procedure. Intramuscular Emergency management of acute seizures

Adult: As sodium: 200 mg IM repeated after 6 hr if necessary.

Child: As sodium: 15 mg/kg IM as a single dose. Intravenous Status epilepticus

Adult: Doses of 10 mg/kg to a max of 1 g.

Child: As sodium: Neonates and children up to 12 yr: Initially, 20 mg/kg by slow IV inj then 2.5-5 mg/kg once or bid. 12-18 yr: Initially 20 mg/kg (max 1 g) by slow IV inj then 300 mg bid. Intravenous Generalised tonic-clonic seizures

Child: As sodium: Neonates: Loading dose is 20 mg/kg by slow IV inj followed by 2.5-5 mg/kg once daily either by slow IV inj or orally. Intravenous Partial seizures

Child: As sodium: Neonates: Loading dose is 20 mg/kg by slow IV inj followed by 2.5-5 mg/kg once daily either by slow IV inj or orally. Intramuscular Sedation

Adult: As sodium: 30-120 mg/day in 2-3 divided doses. CrCl (ml/min) Dosage Recommendation <10 Administer every 12-16 hr. Hepatic impairment: Severe: Monitor plasma levels and adjust dose as necessary. Parenteral Hypnotic

Adult: As sodium: 100-320 mg at bedtime via IM/IV/SC inj.

Child: As sodium: 3-5 mg/kg at bedtime via IM/IV/SC inj. Hepatic impairment: Severe: Monitor plasma levels and adjust dose accordingly. Intramuscular Preoperative sedation

Adult: As sodium: 100-200 mg 1-1.5 hr before procedure.

Child: As sodium: 16-100 mg 1-1.5 hr before procedure. Intravenous Preoperative sedation

Child: As sodium: 1-3 mg/kg 1-1.5 hr before procedure. Reconstitution: Inj should be diluted 1 in 10 although 15 mg/ml may be considered in fluid-restricted children. Give dose over 20 min at a rate no >1 mg/kg/min. Incompatibility: Y-site admin incompatible with amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate complex, hydromorphone. Do not mix in the same syringe with hydromorphone, pentazocine, ranitidine, sufentanil. Do not admix with chlorpromazine, cimetidine, clindamycin, dimenhydrinate, diphenhydramine, droperidol, ephedrine, hydralazine, hydrocortisone sodium succinate, hydroxyzine, insulin (regular), kanamycin, levorphanol, meperidine, morphine, norepinephrine, pancuronium, penicillin G, pentazocine, phenytoin, procaine, prochlorperazine, promazine, promethazine, streptomycin, succinylcholine, vancomycin.

Oral Partial seizures

Adult: 60-180 mg daily taken at night. Titrate dose according to patient\'s needs to achieve adequate control of seizures. Plasma concentrations of 15-40 mcg/ml (65-170 micromol/l) are usually required.

Child: 1 mth-12 yr: Initially, 1-1.5 mg/kg bid. Increase by 2 mg/kg daily, as required, to a maintenance dose of 2.5-4 mg/kg once or bid. 12-18 yr: Initially, 60-180 mg bid.

Maintenance: 60-180 mg once daily. CrCl (ml/min) Dosage Recommendation <10 Administer every 12-16 hr. Hepatic impairment: Severe: Monitor plasma levels and adjust dose as necessary. Oral Generalised tonic-clonic seizures

Adult: 60-180 mg daily taken at night. Titrate dose according to patient\'s needs to achieve adequate control of seizures. Plasma concentrations of 15-40 mcg/ml (65-170 micromol/l) are usually required.

Child: 1 mth-12 yr: Initially, 1-1.5 mg/kg bid. Increase by 2 mg/kg daily, as required, to a maintenance dose of 2.5-4 mg/kg once or bid. 12-18 yr: Initially, 60-180 mg bid.

Maintenance: 60-180 mg once daily. CrCl (ml/min) Dosage Recommendation <10 Administer every 12-16 hr. Hepatic impairment: Severe: Monitor plasma levels and adjust dose as necessary. Oral Sedation

Adult: 30-120 mg/day in 2-3 divided doses.

Child: 6 mg/kg/day or 180 mg/m 2 /day divided in 3 equal doses. CrCl (ml/min) Dosage Recommendation <10 Administer every 12-16 hr. Hepatic impairment: Severe: Monitor plasma levels and adjust dose as necessary. Oral Hypnotic

Adult: 100-320 mg at bedtime. Do not admin for >2 wk for the treatment of insomnia. Hepatic impairment: Severe: Monitor plasma levels and adjust dose as necessary. Oral Pre-operative sedation

Child: 1-3 mg/kg 1-1.5 hr before procedure. Intravenous Status epilepticus

Adult: Doses of 10 mg/kg to a max of 1 g.

Child: As sodium: Neonates and children up to 12 yr: Initially, 20 mg/kg by slow IV inj then 2.5-5 mg/kg once or bid. 12-18 yr: Initially 20 mg/kg (max 1 g) by slow IV inj then 300 mg bid. Intravenous Generalised tonic-clonic seizures

Child: As sodium: Neonates: Loading dose is 20 mg/kg by slow IV inj followed by 2.5-5 mg/kg once daily either by slow IV inj or orally. Intravenous Partial seizures

Child: As sodium: Neonates: Loading dose is 20 mg/kg by slow IV inj followed by 2.5-5 mg/kg once daily either by slow IV inj or orally. Intravenous Pre-operative sedation

Child: As sodium: 1-3 mg/kg 1-1.5 hr before procedure. Intramuscular Emergency management of acute seizures

Adult: As sodium: 200 mg IM repeated after 6 hr if necessary.

Child: As sodium: 15 mg/kg IM as a single dose. Intramuscular Sedation

Adult: As sodium: 30-120 mg/day in 2-3 divided doses. CrCl (ml/min) Dosage Recommendation <10 Administer every 12-16 hr. Hepatic impairment: Severe: Monitor plasma levels and adjust dose as necessary. Intramuscular Pre-operative sedation

Adult: As sodium: 100-200 mg 1-1.5 hr before procedure.

Child: As sodium: 16-100 mg 1-1.5 hr before procedure. Parenteral Hypnotic

Adult: As sodium: 100-320 mg at bedtime via IM/IV/SC inj.

Child: As sodium: 3-5 mg/kg at bedtime via IM/IV/SC inj. Hepatic impairment: Severe: Monitor plasma levels and adjust dose accordingly. Reconstitution: Inj should be diluted 1 in 10 although 15 mg/ml may be considered in fluid-restricted children. Give dose over 20 min at a rate no >1 mg/kg/min. Incompatibility: Y-site admin incompatible with amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate complex, hydromorphone. Do not mix in the same syringe with hydromorphone, pentazocine, ranitidine, sufentanil. Do not admix with chlorpromazine, cimetidine, clindamycin, dimenhydrinate, diphenhydramine, droperidol, ephedrine, hydralazine, hydrocortisone sodium succinate, hydroxyzine, insulin (regular), kanamycin, levorphanol, meperidine, morphine, norepinephrine, pancuronium, penicillin G, pentazocine, phenytoin, procaine, prochlorperazine, promazine, promethazine, streptomycin, succinylcholine, vancomycin.

Luminalum Unia DC Labs causes a dose-dependent respiratory depression.

Luminalum Unia Dalkhimpharm causes a dose-dependent respiratory depression.

Luminalum Unia Hospira causes a dose-dependent respiratory depression.

Luminalum Unia Valeant Pharmaceuticals causes a dose-dependent respiratory depression.

Luminalum Unia Pharmstandard-Leksredstva causes a dose-dependent respiratory depression.

Luminalum Unia Moscow Endocrine Plant causes a dose-dependent respiratory depression.

Luminalum Unia Sandoz causes a dose-dependent respiratory depression.

Luminalum Unia ERFA causes a dose-dependent respiratory depression.

Active ingredients: Phenobarbital
Unit description, dosagePrice, USD

List of luminalum unia brand and generic drugs

Lumofridetten
Luphenil
Lupial (Japan)
Luramin
Menobarb (Thailand)
Molinal
Nervolitan S
Neurobarb
Neurobiol
Neurogabaf
Neurolal (Algeria)
Nirvonal
Nobelbar (Japan)
Noptil
Norbital (Bangladesh)
Nova-Pheno
Nunol
Parkotal
Perdinal (Bangladesh)
Pevalon (Cyprus)
Pharmetten
Phénobarbital Richard (France)
Phebital (Taiwan)
Phebital 100 mg/1 mL x 1 mL
Phen-Bar
Phenaemal (Czech Republic, Estonia)
Phenaemaletten (Czech Republic)
Phenazepam-neo (Georgia)
Phenemal
Phenemalum
Phenetone (India)
30 mg x 10's$ 0.14
60 mg x 10's$ 0.19
Phenetone 30mg TAB / 10$ 0.14
Phenetone 60mg TAB / 10$ 0.19
Tablets; Oral; Phenobarbital 30 mg
Tablets; Oral; Phenobarbital 60 mg
Pheno (Bangladesh)
Phenoba (Bangladesh)
Phenobal (Japan)
Phenobarb (Thailand)
PHENOBARB Capsule/ Tablet / 30mg (10 units)$ 0.09
PHENOBARB Capsule/ Tablet / 60mg (10 units)$ 0.12
Phenobarb 30mg TAB / 10$ 0.09

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