Profemin - Profemin is a loop diuretic. This medication violates the reabsorption of sodium and chlorine in the large segment of the ascending loop of Henle. Due to increasing separation of sodium ions occurs secondary (indirect osmotically bound water) increased excretion of water and increased secretion of potassium ions in the distal renal tubule. Simultaneously increased excretion of calcium and magnesium ions.
Profemin has secondary effects caused by the release of neurotransmitters and intrarenal redistribution of intrarenal blood flow. On the background of a course of treatment does not occur the weakening effect.
When heart failure Profemin quickly leads to a reduction of preload on the heart through the expansion of large veins. This drug exerts the hypotensive effect due to increased excretion of sodium chloride and reduction reactions of vascular smooth muscle to vasoconstrictor effects and by decreasing the BCC. Effect of Profemin after IV injection occurs in 5-10 minutes; after oral administration within 30-60 minutes, a maximum of the action is after 1-2 hours, the duration of effect is 2-3 hours (if reduced kidney function - up to 8 hours).
Profemin reduces the incidence of atrial natriuretic factor in the plasma, causing vasoconstriction.
Diuretic effect develops in 3-4 minutes after IV injection and lasts 1-2 h; after oral taking - 20-30 minutes, lasts up to 4 hours.
Profemin, a sulfonamide-type loop diuretic structurally related to bumetanide, is used to manage hypertension and edema associated with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, and renal disease, including the nephrotic syndrome.
Indication: For the treatment of edema associated with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, and renal disease, including the nephrotic syndrome. Also for the treatment of hypertension alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents.